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挪威石油行业仍在追加投资

http://www.onlinepyadaik.com  2021年05月28日 16:56  中国石化新闻网

  中国石(shi)化新闻网讯(xun)据今日油(you)价5月27日报道,挪威(wei)统计局(ju)周三(san)在其季度(du)调查中表示,与三(san)个月前的预测相比,石(shi)油(you)公司预计2021年在挪威(wei)近海油(you)气业(ye)务上的支出将增加4.8%,这得益(yi)于更(geng)多油(you)田的投产。

  今年,包括管道运输在内的石油和天然(ran)气活动的总投资(zi)估计为218亿美元(yuan)(1819亿挪(nuo)威克(ke)朗(lang)),比(bi)上一季度的估计高出4.8%。挪(nuo)威统计局表示,较高的投资(zi)预期主要是(shi)由油田开发和投产带来的。

  自上个季(ji)度以来,该行业(ye)已向有关(guan)部门(men)提交了两(liang)(liang)个油(you)气田的开(kai)发计(ji)划,这两(liang)(liang)个油(you)气田没有包括在此(ci)前的预(yu)期里。

  对(dui)预(yu)期投资(zi)(zi)(zi)的向上修正显(xian)示,2021年(nian)与2020年(nian)相比,将有(you)0.9%的小幅增长。然而,目前对(dui)挪威2022年(nian)石(shi)油(you)和(he)天然气(qi)(qi)投资(zi)(zi)(zi)的估(gu)计——尽管最(zui)新调查(cha)的数据高(gao)于(yu)前一次调查(cha),仍然表明(ming),与今(jin)年(nian)相比,明(ming)年(nian)挪威的石(shi)油(you)和(he)天然气(qi)(qi)投资(zi)(zi)(zi)总体上会下降。最(zui)新的2022年(nian)投资(zi)(zi)(zi)预(yu)测为172亿美(mei)元(1428亿克朗),比2月份(fen)的调查(cha)预(yu)期增长了3.1%。

  去年(nian)(nian)年(nian)(nian)底,挪威(wei)石(shi)油(you)(you)和(he)天然气协(xie)(xie)会(Norwegian Oil and Gas Association)表示,与2020年(nian)(nian)相比(bi),2021年(nian)(nian)挪威(wei)海上油(you)(you)气投(tou)资将下降(jiang)4.2%,降(jiang)幅小(xiao)于(yu)该行业在(zai)2020年(nian)(nian)初担心的水平。该协(xie)(xie)会上周对(dui)国际能源(yuan)署(IEA)的一份令人震惊的报告发表评(ping)论称,如果世(shi)界想在(zai)2050年(nian)(nian)实(shi)现净零排(pai)放,就不需要(yao)在(zai)石(shi)油(you)(you)和(he)天然气领域进行新的投(tou)资。

  该(gai)(gai)机构指(zhi)(zhi)出,挪威石油(you)和天(tian)然(ran)气公司不(bu)认同这(zhei)样的假设,即从2050年的前景看,仅欧佩(pei)克成(cheng)员国(guo)就应占全(quan)球(qiu)市场石油(you)和天(tian)然(ran)气产量的一半以上。该(gai)(gai)协会在一份(fen)声明中表示,如果需求(qiu)没(mei)有像(xiang)国(guo)际能(neng)源(yuan)署所设想的那样迅速下降,而供应方(fang)面同时被切断,全(quan)球(qiu)能(neng)源(yuan)供应可能(neng)受到(dao)威胁(xie),并(bing)导致能(neng)源(yuan)价格变得非常高。该(gai)(gai)行(xing)业(ye)机构还(hai)指(zhi)(zhi)出,停止挪威近海的石油(you)和天(tian)然(ran)气勘探将(jiang)剥夺该(gai)(gai)国(guo)的收(shou)入和就业(ye)机会,而这(zhei)些这(zhei)对支持(chi)碳捕(bu)获和封存、氢气和海底矿(kuang)产回收(shou)等(deng)行(xing)业(ye)来(lai)说(shuo)是有必要的。

  王佳(jia)晶摘译(yi)自今日油价(jia)

  原(yuan)文(wen)如下:

  Norway's Oil Industry Boosts Investment Despite IEA Report

  Oil firms expect to spend 4.8 percent more on oil and gas operations offshore Norway in 2021 compared to the previous estimate three months ago, thanks to more fields coming on stream, Statistics Norway said in its quarterly survey on Wednesday.

  Total investments in oil and gas activity, including pipeline transportation, are now estimated at US$21.8 billion (181.9 billion Norwegian crowns) for this year, which is 4.8 percent higher than estimated in the previous quarter. The higher investment forecast is mainly driven by field development and fields coming on stream, Statistics Norway said.

  Since the last quarter, the industry has filed with authorities development plans for two oil and gas fields, which were not included in the previous estimate.

  The upward revision of expected investments now point to slight growth of 0.9 percent in 2021 compared to 2020.

  Yet, current estimates for investments in oil and gas in Norway in 2022—albeit higher in the latest survey than in the previous one–still point to an overall drop next year compared to this year. The latest investment forecast for 2022 is US$17.2 billion (142.8 billion crowns), up by 3.1 percent compared to the estimate in the previous survey in February.

  At the end of last year, the Norwegian Oil and Gas Association said that investments in oil and gas offshore Norway were set to decline by 4.2 percent in 2021 compared to 2020, a smaller drop than what the industry feared in early 2020.

  The association, the main industry body and employer’s organization for the sector, commented last week on the bombshell report of the International Energy Association (IEA) that suggests no new investments in oil and gas are needed if the world wants to reach net-zero emissions in 2050.

  “Norwegian Oil and Gas does not share the assumption that Opec members alone should account for more than half of oil and gas production for the world market in a 2050 perspective. If demand does not decline as rapidly as the IEA assumes in its scenario, and the supply side is simultaneously choked off, global energy provision could be threatened and lead to very high energy prices,”the association said in a statement. The industry body also noted that halting oil and gas exploration offshore Norway would deprive the country of revenues and jobs necessary for supporting industries such as carbon capture and storage, hydrogen, and recovering seabed minerals.

  (文章来源:中国(guo)石(shi)化新闻网)

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